Open Access

Table 1

Comparison of key country data on spent fuel storage and disposal [1].

Country Strategy Fuel in 2012 Storage in 2012 Disposal

Type Requirement (tHM/year) Capacity (tHM) Quantities (tHM) Arisings (tHM/year) Type Location Programme Timelines
Canada Centralised storage and disposal HWR 1650 66903 45986 1430 Dry (cask, vault, silo) AR Identifying communities Start operation in 2035
Finland Disposal PWR BWR 71 2330 1882 56 Wet AR Construction license awaited Start operation in 2022
Germany Disposal LWR, some MOX 202 27648 3970 180 Dry (cask) AR Site selection to restart Site selected by 2031
Spain Disposal PWR BWR 140 5260 4434 208 Dry and wet AR Siting process suspended N/A
Sweden Disposal PWR BWR 220 8000 5577 170 Wet AFR Construction license awaited Start construction in 2019
Switzerland Disposal, moratorium on reprocessing PWR BWR 59 3946 1223 59 Dry and wet Mostly AR Selection process in progress Start operation by 2040
USA Disposal LWR 2387 72101 2248 Dry and wet AR Revised siting process yet to start GDF to be available by 2048
Belgium No decision PWR 129 3830 3334 278 Dry and wet AR No siting process to date Start programme in 2035
Hungary No decision PWR 47 1412 1075 44 Dry (vault) Centralised Site survey to begin in 2014 Start operation in 2038
South Korea No decision PWR HWR 870 16927 12629 619 Wet (dry for HWR) AR No siting process N/A
China Reprocessing PWR HWR 3000 or 3800 600 Wet (dry for HWR) Mostly AR Site investigation in progress Site selected by 2040
France Reprocessing PWR, some MOX 1170 18000 14504 300 Wet AFR Site selection to be confirmed Start operation in 2025
Japan Reprocessing PWR BWR 342 20883 14460 80 Wet (dry for two reactors) AR and AFR Selection process to be amended N/A
Netherlands Reprocessing PWR 8 600 521 8 Wet Centralised No siting process N/A
Russia Reprocessing PWR BWR 24329 Dry and wet AFR Site selected Start operation by 2035
UK Reprocessing PWR GCR 212 12000 4481 890 Wet AFR Selection process stalled N/A

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