Energetic and economic cost of nuclear heat − impact on the cost of desalination
Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives,
Saint-Paul-lez-Durance Cedex, France
2 DEN/DER/SESI, CEA Cadarache, Bât. 1222, 13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance Cedex, France
3 International Institute of Nuclear Energy, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
⁎ e-mail: email@example.com
Received in final form: 8 November 2016
Accepted: 8 November 2016
Published online: 30 January 2017
An exploratory study has been carried out to evaluate the cost of heat supplied by a pressurized water reactor type of nuclear reactors to thermal desalination processes. In the context of this work, simplified models have been developed to describe the thermodynamics of power conversion, the energetics of multi-effect evaporation (MED), and the costs of electricity and heat cogenerated by the dual-purpose power plant. Application of these models show that, contrary to widespread belief, (nuclear-powered) MED and seawater reverse osmosis are comparable in terms of energy effectiveness. Process heat can be produced, in fact, by a relatively small increase in the core power. As fuel represents just a fraction of the cost of nuclear electricity, the increase in fuel-related expenses is expected to have limited impact on power generation economics.
© S. Dardour and H. Safa, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.