Open Access

Table 2

Actions that could be led by intermediaries to nurture niche experiment.

Sharing an agenda of open issues instead of sharing knowledge (Sect. 3.1) Mobilise, interest, involve a legitimate place (Sect. 3.2) Prevent or avoid conflicts (Sect. 3.3)
Introducing open questions on the topic of interest and providing permanent domains for the exchange of ideas Finding funding sources to support activities Identification and challenging of institutionalized practices that obstruct new practices
Organization of events, meetings or novel forum bringing together a large panel of participants likely to have different perspectives and experiences Organize cross-sector workshops on a regular basis and over several years Introduction of new actor configurations (e.g. Mankala energy cluster; see Sect. 3.3.2)
Drawing (locally) new knowledge from participants Collecting knowledge and examples from elsewhere (e.g. Russia, China, Switzerland)  
  Identifying possible experimental projects in France  

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