Open Access

Table 1

Characteristics and diagrams of calorimeters.

Calorimeter name or corresponding mock-up name Calorimeter type Diagram Calibration Nuclear heating range Sample material and instrumentation References
Five-stage calorimeter Four juxtaposed cells Steady thermal regime Up to 13 W/g Graphite [126]
One thermocouple [127]
Four heaters per stage
CALMOS and CARMEN Two superposed cells Steady thermal regime CALMOS: up to 13 W/g Graphite [126]
Four thermocouples [128]
Two heaters [20]
CARMEN: up to 2 W/g [130]
Gamma thermometer Single-cell calorimeter Transient thermal regime Not given Stainless steel [19]
One thermocouple [20]
No heater
KAROLINA Single-cell calorimeter Transient thermal regime Not given Graphite [130]
Two thermocouples [135]
No heater

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